Applying Early Proves Even More Crowded in 2013

With the number of high school graduates ebbing, many believed that the competition for early admissions spots among the most selective colleges would ebb as well: quite the opposite occurred.

One reason for this conundrum is the actual number of seats available in the most selective schools is static. If you add up the fall 2014 class sizes among the Ivy League, MIT, University of Chicago, Northwestern, Duke, and Cal Tech, the total number of admissions spots available is around 21,000.  The total number of high school students projected to graduate in the US in spring 2014 is 3.2 million. If you take 1% of this number (we’ll assume the top 1% of the entire class) that amounts to 32,000 students, which already outstrips the total available seats at these schools.

Yet, early applications are not strictly limited to US high school graduates. Brown’s 583 early decision (ED), “…students were accepted from 30 nations and 41 states…top countries represented include China, United Kingdom, Singapore, Canada, and Korea.”  Competition for early admissions is international in scope.

Ostensibly, an early candidate’s chances of gaining admission appear numerically better.  During the 2014 ED round, Brown accepted 19% of its applicants, while during last year’s regular decision (RD), the admissions rate was 8%. However, realize that during ED, Brown is letting in its legacy candidates (children of alumni and professors), recruited athletes, and key students (such as winners of the Intel ISEF who will bolster the physics or engineering departments). When one begins to take the chairs away for all these various groups, an unknown candidate’s chances, even early, are probably still around 8%.    

In any case, let’s look at the early numbers from the Ivy League to get a sense of how things stand for this year’s class.

Brown had an ED applicant pool of 3,088, up 5% from last year, taking 583 students, a 19% acceptance rate; Brown’s total expected freshman class size is 1,515, so with ED students, Brown now has over 38% of its Class of 2018 selected.

Columbia received 3,296 applications, up 5%, though it has not released admissions data.

Cornell received 4,775 applications and accepted 1,325, for an ED admissions rate of 27.7%. With a class size of 3,200, this means Cornell has over 40% of its 2018 class set. Over the last decade Cornell’s ED applicant pool has grown 75%.

Dartmouth’s ED pool increased 6% to 1,678 students, of whom 469 were admitted. As with Cornell, Dartmouth’s class is 40% filled.

Harvard received 4,692 Restrictive EA applications and accepted 21% of them or 992 students.

University of Pennsylvania pool of ED applicants rose 6% to 5,149 applicants, of whom it accepted 25%, or 1,299 students. This filled over 50% of the class.

Princeton received 3,831 restrictive EA student applicants, and accepted 714, or 18.5%, of them. 15% were legacy.

Yale University received 4,750 restrictive EA applications and accepted 735 students, or 15.5%, while 2,735 students were deferred, and 1,225 were rejected.

Applying early is fast becoming (more likely, already has become) essential for those applying to the most selective schools. Even outside the Ivy League at Duke and Northwestern for example, early application numbers are up 25%. The troubling aspect of the early route is that many of these schools are ED, which is binding. That’s great for the school because ED students know the college well and ED improves each school’s yield rate (the number of students who attend out of those who are admitted).  For the students, however, they have to attend, and they don’t have a lot of leverage in the financial aid discussions, but at least they don’t have to sit on edge till April wondering about their collegiate fates: instead, they might puzzle over why the system works like this.


The Benefits and Limits of Advanced Placement (AP) Courses

Some students in preparation for the challenges of college take four AP courses junior year, and another four or five senior year. Invariably, this makes for late nights studying, even cramming, although for many, this sometimes translates into delving into the subject and gaining a solid sense of the material. Whatever the motivation for joining a AP classes, it’s worth knowing how they’re perceived and used beyond high school.  

Having a number of AP courses on a transcript, and getting either a ‘4’ or ‘5’ (5 being the highest score achievable) on the exams, besides showing a student capable of college level work, can save money and possibly even generate scholarships. Many universities award credit for AP courses. Though, according to Trevor Parker, senior vice president for AP at College Board, gaining college credit was never the original intent of the AP program. Rather, it was to develop college academic skills at the high school level. In any case, the College Board website contains details of how colleges award credits for AP exams:

If a student matriculates into Yale, for example, with a score of ‘5’ in AP Chemistry, Biology, English Language, and a ‘4’ in AP Calculus BC, French, and Computer Science, she will be able to begin her Yale career with 8 credits, just two shy of entering as a sophomore; this is the equivalent of saving on 4/5’s of an academic year, which represents a savings of around $40,000. She’d also be able to accelerate into more advanced biology, chemistry, and other subjects. The downside is, should she apply to medical school, say, Keck Medical School at USC, and she doesn’t have college level introductory biology and chemistry, she would have to take those courses before she can enter medical school. Consequently, the benefits of gaining AP credit and accelerating, in those subjects, would be nullified.

Furthermore, there are discrepancies, even among the top schools, in how credits are awarded. For example, to get credit for AP Biology at Northwestern or Yale requires a ‘5’; at UC Berkeley credit is given for a ‘3’.

Moreover, there is growing doubt among universities about the rigor, content, and especially, the depth of the AP courses. Dartmouth just announced, beginning with the class of 2018, it will no longer grant credit for AP test scores. An independent experiment conducted by Dartmouth’s psychology department took all the Dartmouth freshmen who had received a ‘5’ in psychology and administered them the final from Dartmouth’s intro psychology course. 90% of the students failed. Dartmouth then monitored the students who failed the exam and then elected to take intro psychology: Dartmouth found that these students neither did better than classmates who had never taken AP Psychology, or those who had received below a ‘5’ on the AP test.   Yale, by the way, offers no credit for AP Exams in psychology or history.

Beyond the credit issue, students who take AP exams are eligible for certain scholarships. Siemens awards top students who have taken math and science exams and scored a ‘5’ on at least two of them. There are also a number of AP Scholar awards,

Though the admissions offices like to see AP classes on applicant transcripts, high numbers of such classes don’t necessarily lead to admissions. One student, several years ago, took over 16 AP exams: she was rejected roundly at most of highly selective schools she applied to. Yes, admissions offices want students who are academically capable, but they also seek balance, and too many AP classes and exams are anything but.

AP courses are designed to be a means of rigorously delving into 34 different subjects (details of each can be found at the College Board’s new AP Website, ‘Explore AP,’ anything else they deliver is pure gravy.    

Gaining the Best Financial Aid Packages


  • Don’t Get Intimidated by the Process
  • File FAFSA right after January 1st
  • CSS Profile Requirements
  • Strategies to Lower EFC
  • Useful websites to lower EFC

Financial aid is confusing. It’s even worse than income taxes. According to the American Council on Education, in 2006, 1.8 million students who would have qualified for federal and financial aid failed to apply. There is no reason to be among that number.

The fundamental precept of financial aid is filing the FAFSA as soon after January 1st of senior year as possible. The whole idea is to be at the front of the line when scholarships and grants are being allocated. At most of the public schools, including the University of California system, only filing the FAFSA is required. This vastly simplifies the process. Filing solely by the federal method (FM) makes applying to state schools almost a pleasure.

For private schools the process is often trickier. Many use, along with FAFSA, the CollegeBoard’s CSS Profile. Certain private schools even include their own financial aid form. This means some private schools require three financial aid forms; worse, all might be cross referenced to ensure responses jive. Inaccurate submissions might be rejected, and, as a consequence, though financial aid forms were initially filed prior to deadlines, the application might be shot to the back of the line.     

Northwestern’s undergraduate financial aid website,, contains a financial aid calculator to estimate financial aid packages, and links to the FAFSA, CSS Profile, and Northwestern’s University Aid Application. There are also over a dozen other forms including, if things didn’t work out, the financial aid appeal application. It’s a world onto itself with deadlines, glossaries, and forms that would almost make the IRS proud.

Don’t however be distracted by the forms, the deadlines, and the calculator. The central purposes of the financial aid exercises are to attain as low an EFC (effective family contribution) number as possible, and to fill the gap between what you can afford to pay and your EFC with generous scholarships and grants. Anything else is noise.  

The CSS PROFILE (also called the institutional method—IM) includes in its calculations the applicant’s home equity, non-custodial parent’s income and resources, outside scholarships, money held by other siblings, the applicant’s potential summer earnings, even whether a rich relative might be willing to throw bags of gold at the entire admissions process (if an applicant is willing to volunteer such information). The PROFILE wants to know everything about the past, present, and future of an applicant’s resources. However, it’s not completely cold blooded; if another sibling is paying private school tuition, or the family had excessive medical expenses not covered by insurance, these might be deductible.

Whether you’re applying to a school that is using CSS Profile (IM), or the FAFSA (FM), you might try the following strategies. Each is labeled by whether the strategy is appropriate for the FM or IM:

  1. Use assets to pay off debt: having debt does not help you qualify for aid, so pay it off (IM) or (FM)
  2. Move assets from student to parent account: Parents are expected to pay 5.6% of assets while students 20% (FM)
  3. Make necessary large purchases before base year (the base year is a student’s junior year beginning in January) (FM) or (IM)
  4. Reduce Base Pay in your job or delay any commissions during the base year (FM) or (IM)
  5. Avoid capital gains: selling major stock holdings during the base year will increase your revenues—something you want to avoid  (FM) or (IM)
  6. Start a Home business: you can cut your current pay and reduce personal assets by investing in a home business  (FM) or (IM)
  7. Pay off your mortgage: if the school uses FM you will qualify for more aid should you pay down your mortgage. (FM)

Websites that might be useful in helping to qualify for the greatest amount of aid include TuitionCoach and What really matters in the process is staying focused on getting the lowest EFC and the most scholarship and grant monies available. A good reference for estimating what the school has paid in the past can be found at College Navigator. Future tuition bills, though, can very much be affected by your actions now.

재정보조 포장하기

  • 절차에 눌리지 말자
  • FAFSA 파일은 1월 1일 이후 바로 하자
  • CSS 프로파일 요건
  • EFC 최저 전략짜기
  • EFC를 낮추기 위한 유용한 웹싸이트

재정보조는 복잡하다.  세금보고보다도 힘들다.  2006년 교육부의 보고에 따르면, 1.8 million의 학생들이 연방정부 장학금을 받을 수 있는데도 신청하지 않았다.  이 숫자에 낄 필요는 없다.

재정보조를 시작하는 시기는 12학년 1월1일부터 시작되는 FAFSA를 작성하는 것이다.  일찍 할수록, 장학금과 그랜트 보조에 있어서 우선권이 주어진다.  University of California를 비롯한 대부분의 공립대학은 FAFSA만 요구한다.  이런 경우에는 아주 단순하다.  주정부용 FA (federal method)만 하기 때문에 너무 쉽다.

사립대학은 약간 복잡하다.  많은 대학들이 FAFSA와 College Board의 CSS 프로파일을 원한다.  어떤 대학은 자체 원서도 있다.  이럴 경우 세가지 양식이 되며, 또한 이 세 가지에서 내용이 일치해야 한다.  서로 맞지 않을 경우, 거부될 수도 있으며, 다시 원서를 준비하다 보면, 마감일을 넘기거나 서류가 맨 뒤로 밀려나게 된다.

Northwestern의 재정에 관한 웹싸이트 (에는 FAFSA, CSS Profile, Northwestern University Aid 원서양식과 함께 재정 계산페이지가 있다.  또한 재정보조가 충분치 않을 경우에 탄원을 신청하는 양식도 있다.  마감일, 용어해설, 양식들 모두가 들어 있다.

그러나 이런 모든 서류와 계산 양식, 마감일에 눌리기 말길 바란다.  주 목적은 EFC(가족 공헌)를 낮게 잘 계산하는 것으로 전체 들어갈 비용에서 최저의 EFC를 계산하고 가능한 많은 장학금/그랜트를 받는 것이다.  기타 사항은 무시해도 된다.

CSS Profile (교육기관의 방법: IM)은 응시자의 집의 가치, 부모의 수입과 재산, 외부 장학금, 형제에게 들어갈 돈, 응시자가 벌 수 있는 금액 (응시자가 알리기 원한다면), 혹은 부자 친척이 기부할 수 있는 지 등을 알고자 한다.  이 프로파일은 응시자의 과거, 현재, 미래까지 재정에 대해 알고자 한다.  그렇다고 인정없이 계산하는 것은 아니다.  형제가 사립학교에 재학한다든가, 가족 중 환자가 있어서 치료비용이 많이 지출된다든지 하는 것은 제외된다.

여러분이 CSS Profile (IM)이나, FAFSA (FM)을 사용할 때, 다음의 전략을 따르길 바란다.  각 사항이 IM 혹은 FM 양식 작성시 유용하다.

  1. 자산은 빚을 갚는데 쓴다: 빚이 있을 때는 다시 재정 보조를 받기 어렵다 (IM or FM)
  2. 학생이 자산이 있다면, 부모에게 옮긴다: 부모는 자산의 5.6%를 내야 하지만, 학생은 23%를 내야한다 (FM).
  3. 기본이 되는 해에 큰 지출을 미리하라: 기본이 되는 해는 학생의 고교 3학년 때이다 (FM or IM).
  4. 직장의 기본 월급이나 커미션을 기본이 되는 해에는 될수록 미루어라 (FM or IM).
  5. 큰 수입을 미루어라: 기본이 되는 해에는 주식을 팔아서 수입을 늘릴 필요가 없다 (FM or IM).
  6. 홈 비즈니스를 시작하라: 홈 비즈니스에 투자를 하므로 수입과 자산을 줄일 수 있다(FM or IM).
  7. 집 저당금을 갚아라: FM에서는 이 금액으로 인해 더 많은 보조를 받을 수 있다 (FM).

유용한 웹싸이트로 TuitionCoach and FinAid.org가 있다.  이 과정에서 중요한 것은 EFC를 낮게 계산하는 것과 많은 장학금, 그랜트를 받는 것이다.  CollegeNavigator에서 어떤 학교들이 많이 보조해 주었는지를 알아볼 수 있다.  그러므로 곧 내야 할 등록금의 돈의 액수가 여러분이 지금 얼마나 열심히 노력하느냐에 따라 적어질 수 있다

The Checklist and the College Application Process

The Checklist and the College Application Process

When applying to college, it’s a very good idea to use a checklist to ensure all the requirements are submitted by deadline. A generic checklist, such as the one found at, covering recommendations, thank you letters, special submissions, financial aid…, might be sufficient, but the problem is many schools have so many offerings that a customized checklist might prove more effective. Devising your checklist will depend on the schools and the programs of interest.

Communications Major Considered

Communications Major Considered

What is a ‘communications’ major, and what do you do with it? A good starting point is the College Board’s Majors and Career Central There you will discover that Communications encompasses a range of subjects: advertising, digital media (anything from website design, ecommerce, to writing for web-based media), journalism (copyediting, magazine writing, broadcast news...), public relations, and radio and television.

Treading the Pre-Law Path

  • There is no Pre-Law major
  • Advice on studies for becoming a lawyer
  • Researching various law school programs

Just as there is no official ‘pre-med’ major, there is no ‘pre-law’ major. Some schools, such as Northwestern University (NU), however, have Legal Studies as an ‘adjunct major’. Yet, this means it cannot be a sole major; it must be taken in conjunction with another departmental major, which can be anything from history of art to physics.

As the Northwestern website notes, “What you must do to prepare for law school…is to train your brain…you must develop the ability to write cogently…, to analyze carefully…, to reason logically, and to speak…articulately. These are the skills which will take you farthest in law school and in the practice of law…It doesn't matter so much whether you develop these skills in analyzing political institutions (as a political science major), metaphysical arguments (as a philosophy major)… or molecular structures (as a chemistry major); what matters is that you learn to use your mind effectively in a range of intellectual domains. Look for a major that demands a considerable amount of challenging reading and writing and that gives you some opportunities for small classes and seminars in which you can develop your speaking ability and in which faculty may get to know you better than they can in large lecture classes.” (, 12 January 2011)

While you ‘train your brain,’ you will also need to perfect your test-taking skills. To get into a good law school (and you probably want to go to the best law school you can) you’ll need, in addition to top grades, very solid LSAT scores. LSAT scores are curved on a scale of 120-180, with a 170 considered fairly exceptional. Additionally, once in law school, each semester you’ll be taking a full set of finals. Then, of course, you’ll need to pass the Bar, which is no small feat in itself.

One other component that you’ll need is to gain the internship experience so that you have a solid sense of what a lawyer does. Northwestern is one university that is a steadfast believer in encouraging, to the point of insisting, that its students in virtually all disciplines (pre-med, and journalism included) gain experience to mix with classroom theory. For aspiring lawyers, Northwestern has the NEXT (Northwestern Extern) program that connects you with NU alumni lawyers who are willing to let you job shadow. It’s also important to do summer internships to gain a true sense of legal practice. In addition, joining the Mock Trial Association, on whichever campus you plan to attend is yet another way to prepare yourself for the rigors of law.

Next, you might want to do some research to determine which law schools might be good matches. There are several places where you can conduct your due diligence. The first is at the US News and World Report listing of the top law schools: Not only is US News ranking law schools, it’s also ranking law firms (something new this year). It also divvies up schools by legal specialties such as international, intellectual property and healthcare. Then, if you wish to take your research just one more step farther along, you might research an individual law school to gain a sense of admissions rates, GPA requirements, LSAT score averages etc. at The ABA-LSAC Official Guide to ABA-Approved Law Schools., It has a free on-line component:  which gives you the admission and curriculum details of  most of the top law schools.  

After reviewing all this, ask yourself honestly if you’re ready to commit to a legal career. It is a huge commitment of money (costs vary depending upon whether you enter a public or private law school), and three years of stress and often brutal competition. To gain a sense of just how competitive, dip into Scott Turow’s  One L: The Turbulent True Story of a First Year at Harvard Law School. After your research is complete and your commitment confirmed, I’ll rest my case.


법과 대학원으로 가는 Pre-Law

  • Pre-Law라는 전공은?
  • 미래 법률가에게 하는
  • 법과 대학 프로그램 알아보

 Pre-med 라는 전공이 없듯이 Pre-Law라는 전공도 없다.  그러나, Northwestern University(NU)에는 부전공으로 ‘Legal Studies’가 있다.  이 전공 학생은 다른 주 전공, 즉 역사나 물리학 등 다른 분야의 전공이 따로 있다.

Northwestern 대학의 웹싸이트(, 12 January 2011)를 살펴 보면, “법과 대학원으로 가려면, 두뇌를 훈련해야 한다….논리적으로 사고하고, 명확하게 말할 수 있도록.  이 기술이야 말로 법을 공부하면서, 현장에 나와서도 꼭 필요하다.  이 기술을 정치학 전공으로 정치에서 쌓든지, 철학전공으로 형이상학 논쟁을 하든지….화학전공으로 분자구조를 분석하든, 상관이 없다; 중요한 점은 지적분야에서 효과적으로 쌓는 것이다.  그러므로 많은 독서와 글쓰기가 필요하고, 소규모 수업과 세미나에 참여하는 기회가 많고 교수와 잘 사귈 수 있는 전공을 찾아라”라고 추천하고 있다.

한편, 시험기술도 길러야 한다.  명문 법과대학에 입학하려면, 좋은 성적과 LSAT 성적이 중요하다.  LAST는 120-180등급으로 나뉘는데, 170은 아주 우수하다.  또한 매 학기 종합적인 기말고사를 치러야 한다.  그 다음, 변호사 시험(the Bar)에 합격해야 한다. 

또한, 인턴쉽에서 법조계에 대한 경험을 하는 것이 중요하다.  Northwestern 대학은 현장실습(pre-med, 언론학 등도 포함)을 교실 이론과 더불어 매우 중요하게 강조한다.  그래서, 이 대학에서는 NEXT (Northwestern Extern)프로그램으로 학생들을 NU 졸업생 법률가들에게 연결하여 직업경험 (job shadow)을 하게 한다.  물론 summer intership도 실제적인 연습을 위해 중요하다.  추가로, Mock Trial Association(모의 재판 연구회)에 가입하여 법에 대한 열정을 키우는 것도 좋다.

이제 어떤 법과대학이 여러분이 잘 맞는지를 알아보자.  여러 곳을 통하여 가능하다.  먼저, US News and World Report에서는 명문대 리스트를 제공한다

(  법과 대학 뿐만 아니라, 법률회사(law firms)에 대한 랭킹도 알 수 있다 (올해 새로운 정보이다).  또한 전문분야(international, intellectual property, healthcare…)별로 나누고 있다.  더 나아가 각 대학에 대하여, 입학률, GPA 요구조건, LSAT 평균성적 등을 알려면, The ABA-LSAC Official Guide to ABA-Approved Law Schools (에 가면 무료제공이다. 

위의 여러 가지를 고려한 후, 솔직하게 자신에게 물어야 한다: 법률가로 헌신할 준비가 되었는가?  물론 공부하는 비용(공립과 사립의 차이가 나지만)도 만만치 않고, 3년간의 스트레스와 치명적인 경쟁을 치러야 한다.  경쟁을 알려면, Scott Turow의 One L: The Turbulent True Story of a First Year at Harvard Law School을 권한다.  여러분의 리서치가 끝나고 헌신이 준비된다면, 나도 case를 맡기겠다.

The Fall 2009 Admissions Update

  • Substantial increase in Early Action applications
  • Early Decision applications vary
  • Ivies up as special grant programs take effect
The number of students graduating from high school crested with the class of 2009. Competition was particularly keen for the early action and early decision rounds (at most schools). Yet, in the face of a troubled economy, many schools saw regular applications decline—though, not unsurprisingly, the most selective schools, with their large endowments and need-blind admissions, remained as popular as ever.  As the fat and skinny envelopes are beginning to course their way through the mails, it is a good time to look at what’s going on with the admissions process this year. Early action single choice (EASC) applications were uniformly up. This year, Stanford’s EASC applications increased 18%, MIT’s 25%, and Yale’s 10%. What declined were EASC acceptances at each school: Yale admitted 13.4% (742 of 5,557) of its EASC applicants, down from 18% last year, Stanford, 12.8%, down from 16.2%, and MIT, 10.1%, down from 13.3%.  EASC gives applicants an edge in the admissions process, at least statistically. That edge, however, is declining. Early decision (ED) application numbers varied. Wesleyan, in Middletown, Connecticut, is up 40%. Other campuses having double digit increases in ED applications include: Dartmouth and Middlebury, each up over 10%; Haverford up 14%; Northwestern up 15%; and Pomona up 20%.  Bowdoin, another small liberal arts school located in Maine, had an increase in ED applications by slightly less than 8%.  The US News and World Report top liberal colleges, Williams and Amherst, found their ED application numbers flat. ED applications, on the other hand, were down at Brown by 4.5%, a surprise as this year Brown adopted the Common Application, usually bringing an increase in applicants. Separately, for the second successive year, University of Pennsylvania ED applications declined: this year by 8%. The number of California ED applicants to Penn dropped by 12%, from 332 to 292. Regular applications to the highly selective schools, most of whom now supply grants rather than loans to offset their high costs (information on these programs at Yale, Harvard, Stanford, and many others can be found at /wordpress/), had increases: Princeton received 21,859 ,up 2.3 % from last year; Harvard, exceeded 29,000, up 5%, with over 78% of applicants seeking financial aid; MIT up 17%; Dartmouth over 18,000, up 9%;  Stanford, over 30,000, up 20%; Yale up 13%; and Brown, despite a lackluster ED, more than 25,000, up over 20%. While the Ivies, for the most part, blew the lid off their regular application numbers, the liberal arts schools were either flat or down: Amherst down 1%; Carleton College (MN) down 3.5%; Bowdoin (MN), though a hot performer for ED applicants, was down for regular by 1.6%; Pomona College (Claremont CA.) down 2.2%; Williams College down 20%; Swarthmore down 10%; and Middlebury down 12%. Switching to the West Coast, USC saw regular applications remain flat, at around 35,000, as, ironically, did UCLA, which received about the same number of applications as last year, slightly over 55,000. USC, as well as Boston College, Colgate (New York), and the University of Santa Clara, are all raising the number of admissions by a few percentage points to offset the possible reduction of their yields (number of students accepted that elect to attend) in these difficult economic times. What had appeared to be a very competitive admissions process, especially among the early applications, seems to have cooled off by the time the regular applications were due (for the University of California, the end of November; for the private schools, early January). Not surprisingly, as the year ended, so the economy began to sink into recession—apparently this drove a certain number of applicants away from the “liberal arts” schools.  The Ivies, and the most selective schools, with their large endowments and generous tuition grants, surged. Grants and reputation tend to drive the action. They are this year as well. Ralph Becker Founder, Ivy College Prep LLC -------------------------------------- 2009년도 입학사정 최신정보
  • 얼리 액션 원서의 증가
  • 다양한 얼리 디시젼의 추세
  • 아이비 대학들의 상승하는 인기
2009년도에 졸업하는 고등학생의 수가 늘어나면서, (대부분의 학교에서) 얼리 액션과 얼리 디시젼의 경쟁이 아주 높아졌다.  한편, 불안한 경제 국면에 직면하여, 많은 학교들이 정규 원서가 줄었지만, 대부분의 명문대에서는 자산을 바탕으로 재정형편과 관계없음으로 그 어느 때보다도 인기가 높았다.  큰 봉투와 얇은 봉투로 입학의 소식이 오는 이 때, 올 입시과정을 살펴보고자 한다. 얼리 (EASC) 응시원서가 일률적으로 올라갔다.  Stanford의 EASC 원서가 18% 올라갔으며, MIT는 25%, and Yale은 10% 올라갔다. 따라서, 합격률은 내려갔다: Yale은 작년의 18%에 비해 13.4% (742 of 5,557)이었으며, Stanford는 작년 16.2%에 비해 12.8%이었으며, MIT도 13.3%에서 10.1%로 내려갔다. 얼리는 입학사정에서 응시자에게 강점을 주는데, 합격률 비율이 내려간 것이다. 얼리 디시젼(ED)의 원서량은 다양했다Wesleyan과 Connecticut은 40% 올라갔다. 또 다른 대학에서는 2자리수로 올라갔다:  Dartmouth and Middlebury는 10%; Haverford up 14%; Northwestern up 15%; and Pomona up 20%.  메이주에 있는 작은 인문대학인 Bowdoin대학은 8%가까이 올랐다.  US News and World Report의 최고 인문대학인 Williams and Amherst대학의 얼리 디시젼은 같은 수 였다. 한편, 올해 처음으로 Common Application을 도입한 Bronw 대학은 ED 원서량이 4.5%까지 내려갔다(보통은 원서량이 더 올라감).  또한 2년째인 University of Pennsylvania의 ED원서도 8%까지로 감소했다.  올해 가주 응시자수는 12%(332명에서 292명으로)까지 감소했다. 높은 등록금에 대부가 아닌 그랜트를 제공하는 최고의 명문대의 정규 원서량은 올라갔다(  Princeton은 작년보다 2.3%가 올라간 21,859원서를 받았으며, Harvard는 5% 올라간 29,000의 원서를 받았으며, 이중 78% 가 재정보조를 원하는 것이었다.  MIT는 17%, Dartmouth는 9%가 올라간18,000의 원서를 받았고, Stanford는 20%가 올라간 30,000의 원서를 Yale은 13%가 올랐으며, ED의 그늘에도 불구하고Brown은 20%가 올라간 25,000이 넘는 원서를 받았다. 대부분의 아이비 명문들이 정규 원서접수에서 넘치게 받은 반면, 인문대학들은 같거나 내려갔다.   Amherst down 1%; Carleton College (MN) down 3.5%; ED에서 인기가 있었던 Bowdoin (MN)도 1.6%내려갔으며, Pomona College (Claremont CA.) down 2.2%; Williams College down 20%; Swarthmore down 10%; and Middlebury down 12%로 내려갔다. 서부해안을 살펴보면, USC의 원서량은 예년과 비슷하며, 35,000정도 였다. UCLA의 경우 작년과 비슷한 55,000이 넘는 원서가 접수되었다.  USC, Boston College, Colgate (New York), and the University of Santa Clara대학은 경제난국으로 인해 등록률이 낮아질 것에 대비해 합격률을 높이려한다. 얼리 원서들이 매우 경쟁적인 입학사정 과정을 지켜보면서, 이제 정규 원서(UC는 11월말, 사립대학은 1월말마감) 결과를 지켜보면서 차분해질 시기이다.  사실 경제가 공항에 접어들면서 인문대학의 원서량은 두드러지게 감소되었다.  그러나 풍부한 자산과 너그러운 그랜트를 줄 수 있는 명문 아이비대학들은 원서량이 더 높아지고 있다.  그랜트와 명성이 더 부추기고 있는데, 올해도 변함이 없다.