Ivy League

Go Midwest Young Man

Horace Greeley, the editor of the New York Tribune in 1871 told RL Sanderson, a correspondent, to go West, ‘where men are wanted, and where employment is not bestowed as alms.’ Had Mr. Greeley been around today, and the question was finding solid educational opportunities, he might well have altered his direction to the Midwest.

Bellwethers of Ivy Quality

  • The website “What they will Learn” and the importance of a core curriculum
  • Ratemyprofessor.com site’s ranking of Ivy League professorial staff teaching
  • Collegeguide.org and the politicization of the classroom

How much would you be willing to pay to attend a school that had no official general education requirement (or, possibly had one or two areas spottily covered) across the following subject areas: composition; literature; foreign language; US government and history; economics; mathematics and; science?  Posed a little differently, assume you were selecting a high school and it didn’t require English (writing), history, math, science, foreign language, or literature. How much would you be willing to pay to go to such a school?  A better question is how much money would you pay to avoid going to the school?   

No one, currently, is paying money to avoid going to Ivy Leagues schools. Yet, if you examine their curriculum, teaching quality, and freedom of inquiry in the classroom, you might wonder if such a scenario might be a reality in the future.

 An examination of the curricula of the schools can be found at the site ‘What will they Learn?’ http://www.whatwilltheylearn.com/. On site is a letter from the former Dean of Harvard, Harry Lewis:  “On some campuses, it doesn’t matter at all what courses are chosen, as long as they are in the right categories…At its best, general education is about the unity of knowledge, not about distributed knowledge. Not about spreading courses around, but about making connections between different ideas.” The site then grades each campus’s core curriculum.

CORE CURRICULUM GRADE:

Brown                                                                    F

Cornell                                                                   F

Columbia                                                               B

Dartmouth                                                            C

Harvard                                                                 D

University of Pennsylvania                           D

Princeton                                                              C

Yale                                                                         F

 

Turning to another study regarding the quality of teaching, a recent report from the Center of College Affordability and Productivity compiled reviews from ‘Rate My Professor.com’ of professors at 610 universities. No Ivy League school ranked in the top 100:

 QUALITY OF TEACHING (ranking of 610 universities):

111. Princeton University

152. Columbia University

187. University of Pennsylvania

196. Brown University

213. Yale University

247. Harvard University

294. Dartmouth College

414. Cornell University

Details are at “Are Ivy League Professors Good Teachers? By Lynn O'Shaughnessy”  http://moneywatch.bnet.com/saving-money/blog/college-solution/are-ivy-league-professors-good-teachers/3881/ Some might discredit these findings as students might skew results if they have a vendetta against a certain professor, but this sample size is too large to be easily manipulated by students or others.

CollegeGuide.org (it is the site of the ISI which reviews, in detail, the curriculum and teaching at over 250 colleges and universities) gives campuses traffic light ratings based on how ‘politicized’ the curriculum is. Specifically: “If a school’s American history course casts the Founding in a dark light, pushes socialistic views of the economy, or claims that the Cold War was a U.S. scheme to rule the world, it is politicized.” If the curriculum is considered highly politicized it receives a red; mildly, a yellow; and open to free inquiry, a green light. 

POLITICS IN THE CLASSROOM

Princeton                                                                Green

Harvard                                                                   Yellow

Dartmouth                                                             Yellow

Brown                                                                      Red

Columbia                                                                Yellow

University of Pennsylvania                            Yellow

Cornell                                                                    Yellow

Yale                                                                         Yellow

Three different studies covering the scope of core curricula, the quality of the teaching, and the politicization of the classroom across some of the most selective schools in the country come up with alarming findings. Taking Brown as an example, it gets an “F” for its general educational program (it doesn’t have one); barely places in the top third among the 600 schools sampled in quality of teaching; and gets a red light for having an extremely politicized classroom.  If Brown were a student, would you accept it? Ironically, during the recent admissions cycle it accepted less than 14% of its applicants. The recent round of early decision applicants increased over 20%. 

Don’t misinterpret this article. There are huge swathes of academic excellence throughout the Ivy League, if you know where to find them. You need to do your homework before you attend, to discover what it is you want to get out of a university. Learn about the best courses, the best professors, and the top majors Do not go in passively expecting to be served up excellence. Even in the venerable Ivy League that is a possible recipe for disaster.

 아이비 대학의 우수성을 알아보

“What they will learn”싸이트에서 알아보는 핵심교과목의 중요

“Ratemyprofessor.com”에서 아이비 대학 교수 등급 알아보

“Collegeguide.org”에서 알아보는 교실의 정치

 여러분이라면 일반 교양과목 (작문, 문학, 외국어, 미국정치와 역사, 경제, 수학, 과학)이 빠진 (혹은 한 두 과목만 수강) 학교에 돈을 내고 다니겠는가?  달리 말해서, 영어, 역사, 수학 과학, 외국어나 문학을 가르치지 않는 학교에 다니겠는가?  이런 대학에 등록금을 내겠는가?  아니면, 이런 대학에 안 다니기 위해 다른 대학에 돈을 내겠는가?

 한편, 아이비 대학에 다니기 위해 기꺼이 돈을 내지 않을 사람이 없다.  그러나, 만약 교과목, 교수의 질, 교수의 자율성을 따져 본다면, 고개를 갸우뚱할 수 밖에 없다.

 먼저, 교과목에 대해 알아보기 위해 “What will they Learn?”(http://www.whatwilltheylearn.com) 싸이트를 조사하자.  그 곳에서 전 하버드 교무처장이었던 Harry Lewis의 글, “어떤 캠퍼스에서든, 학생들이 바른 선택을 한다면, 어떤 과목이든 상관없다…즉, 일반 교양과목은 분산된 지식이 아닌 지식의 결집이다.  과목만 나열하는 것이 아닌, 여러 다른 사상들을 연결해야 한다.”  이 싸이트에서는 대학들의 핵심 교과목의 점수를 다음과 같이 주고 있다.

 핵심 교과목 점수:

-Brown: F

-Cornell: F

-Columbia: B

-Dartmouth: C

-Harvard: D

-University of Pennsylvania: D

-Princeton: C

-Yale: F

 다음, 교수의 질에 관한 연구는 ‘Rate My Professor.com’에 나와 있는 Center of College Affordability and Productivity에서 조사한 610개 대학들의 교수 질을 살펴볼 수 있다.  100등 안에 든 아이비 대학이 없다.

 교수의 (610 대학 중에서)

111. Princeton University

152. Columbia University

187. University of Pennsylvania

196. Brown University

213. Yale University

247. Harvard University

294. Dartmouth College

414. Cornell University

또한 Lynn O’Shaughnessy의 “아이비 대학 교수들은 좋은 교사인가?” (http://moneywatch.bnet.com/saving-money/blog/college-solution/are-ivy-league-professors-good-teachers/3881/ )의 글에서도 알 수 있다.  물론 어떤 학생이 특정 교수와 반목관계에서 나쁜 평가를 내릴 수 있지만, 자료의 샘플량이 매우 커서 이러한 영향은 배제할 수 있다.

다음, CollegeGuide.org(이 싸이트에서는 250여 개의 대학들의 수업과 교과목을 평가하고 있다)싸이트는 과목의 정치화 정도를 신호등 불로 나타내고 있다.  예를 들면, “미국 역사 과목에서 정착단계를 경제적인 사회주의적인 견해에 따르고, 냉전이 미국이 세계를 지배하려는 음모라고 주장한다면 이 과목은 정치화되었다.” 그래서 과목이 매우 정치화되었다면; 빨강, 보통은 노랑; 자유 토론이 가능하다면 녹색신호등이다.

교실의 정치

Princeton: 녹색

Harvard: 노랑

Dartmouth: 노랑

Brown: 빨강

Columbia: 노랑

University of Pennsylvania: 노랑

Cornell: 노랑

Yale: 노랑

 위의 세가지 기준으로 명문대학들의 놀라운 평가를 할 수 있다.  브라운 대학을 예를 들면, 일반 교양과목에서 F (한과목도 없기 때문), 교수의 질에서 겨우 196등이며, 교실의 정치화에서는 빨강불이다.  여러분은 브라운 대학에 가겠는가?  풍자적이지만, 이 대학은 입학률이 14%이하이며, 응시자 수는 얼리 디시젼에서 20%이상이 증가했다.

이 기사를 잘못 해석하지는 말자.  아이비 대학의 학문 우수성을 찾을 수 있다면, 다양한 면에서 찾을 수 있다.  그러나 여러분이 대학에 들어가기 전에 대학을 나올 때 무엇을 원하는지를 생각해야 한다.  최고의 교과목, 최고의 교수, 최고의 전공을 알아보자.  무조건 최고의 서비스를 받을 것을 기대하지 말자.  대단한 아이비 대학 일지라도 여러분에게 재앙일 수 있다.

 

How Colleges and Salaries Match Up

How Colleges and Salaries Match Up Which Diplomas have the Highest Payback? Ivy League versus the other Schools There will always be endless debates about whether an Ivy League school or other highly selective school is worth the price of admission. Now, however, there is hard evidence about the actual payback for attending a certain school. Not that this information is the last word in these debates, but it certainly supplies the numbers one might want to see  when sharpening the pencil and figuring out what are the probable returns associated with attending an UC San Diego instead of a Princeton. The numbers come from Payscale, Inc. (http://www.payscale.com/best-colleges ), an on-line service that tracks salary information. Payscale conducted a yearlong survey of 1.2 million bachelor degree graduates with over 10 years of work experience. The participants in the survey had attended over 300 different US schools. Further, to avoid skewing the results of the survey, any graduates with professional degrees (JD, MBA, MD) were eliminated from the survey. (p. D4, Needleman, Sarah, “Ivy Leaguers’ Big Edge: Starting Pay,” Wall Street Journal, 31 July 2009) Note that “mid-career median salary” is defined as at least 10 years after graduation, with a median timeframe of 15.5 years.  You can, of course, go to the website to find all the methodology behind the study. The survey looked at the starting and mid-career salaries of graduates from the best engineering schools, the best Ivy League schools, the top liberal arts schools, the top state colleges, and, my particular favorite, the top party schools (listed as such by The 2008 Princeton Review College Guide.) The top 3 schools in each of the categories (I excluded the party schools) are at the bottom of this article. There are some distinct surprises in the survey findings. One is that Ivy League graduates earned a starting salary 32% higher than other liberal arts college graduates. Further, the spread between the two grew to 34% after 10 years in the workforce. So, possibly, there is some magic to the Ivy League cachet. Yet, even within the Ivy League there is a substantial spread between the head of the league and the bottom. Mid-career Dartmouth graduates are the highest Ivy League earners at $134,000; Columbia's are the lowest at $107,000: below like graduates from UC Berkeley, Bucknell University (PA), and Colgate (NY) as well. More interesting still, though engineering graduates have, by far, the highest median starting salaries, 10 years after graduation their median total compensation grew by 76%, while that of "liberal arts" grew 95%.  In short, there are no hard and fast rules when it comes to colleges and majors, for determining the surest path to success. Certainly knowledge helps, but apparently, so does having the right contacts to the best opportunities.  Those contacts might be made more effectively at Bucknell, according to this study, than at Columbia. Which leads us to the most realistic conclusion of all: our college careers translate into whatever we can make of them.  Ivy College Prep, LLC, rbecker@ivycollegeprep.net, (949) 474-6026. Please email me with any comments you might have. Liberal Arts Starting Median Salary Mid-Career Median salary Engineering Starting Median Salary Mid-Career Median salary Bucknell University $       54,100 $                110,000 MIT $          72,200 $                126,000 Colgate University $       52,800 $                108,000 Cal Tech $          75,500 $                123,000 Amherst College $       54,500 $                107,000 Harvey Mudd $          71,800 $                122,000 Ivy League Schools Starting Median Salary Mid-Career Median salary State Schools Starting Median Salary Mid-Career Median salary Dartmouth College $          58,000 $                  134,000 UC, Berkeley $          59,900 $                 112,000 Princeton University $          66,500 $                  131,000 University of Virginia $          52,700 $                 103,000 Yale University $          59,100 $                  126,000 Cal Poly San Luis Obispo $          57,200 $                 101,000 Source: PayScale, Inc. survey ??? ??? ???? * ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? * ????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??.  ?? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??? ??? ?????.  ??? ??? ??? UC San Diego ??? Princeton ??? ???? ??? ??? ? ? ??? ? ????. ????? ???? ??? Payscale, Inc. (http://www.payscale.com/best-colleges?  ??? ???? ??? ? ? ??.  Payscale ??? 10? ??? ???  120??? ??, ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????.  ??????? ? ??? 300 ??? ?????????.  ??, ???? ?? ??? ??(JD, MBA, MD)? ?????(p. D4, Needleman, Sarah, "Ivy Leaguers' Big Edge: Starting Pay," Wall Street Journal, 31 July 2009).  ??? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ? ? ? ???, ???? 'mid-career median salary'? ??? ??? 10????? ??, ??? ??? 15.5??? ?? ??. ? ????? ??? the best engineering schools, the best Ivy League schools, the top liberal arts schools, the top state colleges, ??? ?? ??? ?? the top party schools? 5??? ???? ?? (listed as such by The 2008 Princeton Review College Guide.) ?? ??? ??, ??? ??? 3??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ? ??. ? ?????? ???? ?? ????.  ??, ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? 32%? ? ?? ??? ?? ??.  ??, 10??? ? ???? ??? 34%? ??? ??? ???.  ????, ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???. ???, ????? ????? ??? ??? ???.  Dartmouth ???? $134,000? ???, Columbia ????? ??? $107,000? ???.  ??UC Berkeley, Bucknell University (PA), and Colgate (NY)  ??? ?? ????.  ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??? 10?? 76%? ??? ??? ??, ???? ???? 95%? ??? ???.  ???? ??? ?? ?, ??? ??? ?? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???.  ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??? ? ?? ???? ??? ????.  ?? ??, Columbia ??? Bucknell? ? ?????.  ???? ??? ?????:  ?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ????. Translated by Joann Kim, Assistant Director, Ivy College Prep, LLC ?? ?? ?? ?? 1

The Fall 2009 Admissions Update

  • Substantial increase in Early Action applications
  • Early Decision applications vary
  • Ivies up as special grant programs take effect
The number of students graduating from high school crested with the class of 2009. Competition was particularly keen for the early action and early decision rounds (at most schools). Yet, in the face of a troubled economy, many schools saw regular applications decline—though, not unsurprisingly, the most selective schools, with their large endowments and need-blind admissions, remained as popular as ever.  As the fat and skinny envelopes are beginning to course their way through the mails, it is a good time to look at what’s going on with the admissions process this year. Early action single choice (EASC) applications were uniformly up. This year, Stanford’s EASC applications increased 18%, MIT’s 25%, and Yale’s 10%. What declined were EASC acceptances at each school: Yale admitted 13.4% (742 of 5,557) of its EASC applicants, down from 18% last year, Stanford, 12.8%, down from 16.2%, and MIT, 10.1%, down from 13.3%.  EASC gives applicants an edge in the admissions process, at least statistically. That edge, however, is declining. Early decision (ED) application numbers varied. Wesleyan, in Middletown, Connecticut, is up 40%. Other campuses having double digit increases in ED applications include: Dartmouth and Middlebury, each up over 10%; Haverford up 14%; Northwestern up 15%; and Pomona up 20%.  Bowdoin, another small liberal arts school located in Maine, had an increase in ED applications by slightly less than 8%.  The US News and World Report top liberal colleges, Williams and Amherst, found their ED application numbers flat. ED applications, on the other hand, were down at Brown by 4.5%, a surprise as this year Brown adopted the Common Application, usually bringing an increase in applicants. Separately, for the second successive year, University of Pennsylvania ED applications declined: this year by 8%. The number of California ED applicants to Penn dropped by 12%, from 332 to 292. Regular applications to the highly selective schools, most of whom now supply grants rather than loans to offset their high costs (information on these programs at Yale, Harvard, Stanford, and many others can be found at /wordpress/), had increases: Princeton received 21,859 ,up 2.3 % from last year; Harvard, exceeded 29,000, up 5%, with over 78% of applicants seeking financial aid; MIT up 17%; Dartmouth over 18,000, up 9%;  Stanford, over 30,000, up 20%; Yale up 13%; and Brown, despite a lackluster ED, more than 25,000, up over 20%. While the Ivies, for the most part, blew the lid off their regular application numbers, the liberal arts schools were either flat or down: Amherst down 1%; Carleton College (MN) down 3.5%; Bowdoin (MN), though a hot performer for ED applicants, was down for regular by 1.6%; Pomona College (Claremont CA.) down 2.2%; Williams College down 20%; Swarthmore down 10%; and Middlebury down 12%. Switching to the West Coast, USC saw regular applications remain flat, at around 35,000, as, ironically, did UCLA, which received about the same number of applications as last year, slightly over 55,000. USC, as well as Boston College, Colgate (New York), and the University of Santa Clara, are all raising the number of admissions by a few percentage points to offset the possible reduction of their yields (number of students accepted that elect to attend) in these difficult economic times. What had appeared to be a very competitive admissions process, especially among the early applications, seems to have cooled off by the time the regular applications were due (for the University of California, the end of November; for the private schools, early January). Not surprisingly, as the year ended, so the economy began to sink into recession—apparently this drove a certain number of applicants away from the “liberal arts” schools.  The Ivies, and the most selective schools, with their large endowments and generous tuition grants, surged. Grants and reputation tend to drive the action. They are this year as well. Ralph Becker Founder, Ivy College Prep LLC -------------------------------------- 2009년도 입학사정 최신정보
  • 얼리 액션 원서의 증가
  • 다양한 얼리 디시젼의 추세
  • 아이비 대학들의 상승하는 인기
2009년도에 졸업하는 고등학생의 수가 늘어나면서, (대부분의 학교에서) 얼리 액션과 얼리 디시젼의 경쟁이 아주 높아졌다.  한편, 불안한 경제 국면에 직면하여, 많은 학교들이 정규 원서가 줄었지만, 대부분의 명문대에서는 자산을 바탕으로 재정형편과 관계없음으로 그 어느 때보다도 인기가 높았다.  큰 봉투와 얇은 봉투로 입학의 소식이 오는 이 때, 올 입시과정을 살펴보고자 한다. 얼리 (EASC) 응시원서가 일률적으로 올라갔다.  Stanford의 EASC 원서가 18% 올라갔으며, MIT는 25%, and Yale은 10% 올라갔다. 따라서, 합격률은 내려갔다: Yale은 작년의 18%에 비해 13.4% (742 of 5,557)이었으며, Stanford는 작년 16.2%에 비해 12.8%이었으며, MIT도 13.3%에서 10.1%로 내려갔다. 얼리는 입학사정에서 응시자에게 강점을 주는데, 합격률 비율이 내려간 것이다. 얼리 디시젼(ED)의 원서량은 다양했다Wesleyan과 Connecticut은 40% 올라갔다. 또 다른 대학에서는 2자리수로 올라갔다:  Dartmouth and Middlebury는 10%; Haverford up 14%; Northwestern up 15%; and Pomona up 20%.  메이주에 있는 작은 인문대학인 Bowdoin대학은 8%가까이 올랐다.  US News and World Report의 최고 인문대학인 Williams and Amherst대학의 얼리 디시젼은 같은 수 였다. 한편, 올해 처음으로 Common Application을 도입한 Bronw 대학은 ED 원서량이 4.5%까지 내려갔다(보통은 원서량이 더 올라감).  또한 2년째인 University of Pennsylvania의 ED원서도 8%까지로 감소했다.  올해 가주 응시자수는 12%(332명에서 292명으로)까지 감소했다. 높은 등록금에 대부가 아닌 그랜트를 제공하는 최고의 명문대의 정규 원서량은 올라갔다(http://ivycollegeprep.net/wordpress/).  Princeton은 작년보다 2.3%가 올라간 21,859원서를 받았으며, Harvard는 5% 올라간 29,000의 원서를 받았으며, 이중 78% 가 재정보조를 원하는 것이었다.  MIT는 17%, Dartmouth는 9%가 올라간18,000의 원서를 받았고, Stanford는 20%가 올라간 30,000의 원서를 Yale은 13%가 올랐으며, ED의 그늘에도 불구하고Brown은 20%가 올라간 25,000이 넘는 원서를 받았다. 대부분의 아이비 명문들이 정규 원서접수에서 넘치게 받은 반면, 인문대학들은 같거나 내려갔다.   Amherst down 1%; Carleton College (MN) down 3.5%; ED에서 인기가 있었던 Bowdoin (MN)도 1.6%내려갔으며, Pomona College (Claremont CA.) down 2.2%; Williams College down 20%; Swarthmore down 10%; and Middlebury down 12%로 내려갔다. 서부해안을 살펴보면, USC의 원서량은 예년과 비슷하며, 35,000정도 였다. UCLA의 경우 작년과 비슷한 55,000이 넘는 원서가 접수되었다.  USC, Boston College, Colgate (New York), and the University of Santa Clara대학은 경제난국으로 인해 등록률이 낮아질 것에 대비해 합격률을 높이려한다. 얼리 원서들이 매우 경쟁적인 입학사정 과정을 지켜보면서, 이제 정규 원서(UC는 11월말, 사립대학은 1월말마감) 결과를 지켜보면서 차분해질 시기이다.  사실 경제가 공항에 접어들면서 인문대학의 원서량은 두드러지게 감소되었다.  그러나 풍부한 자산과 너그러운 그랜트를 줄 수 있는 명문 아이비대학들은 원서량이 더 높아지고 있다.  그랜트와 명성이 더 부추기고 있는데, 올해도 변함이 없다.

College Preparation Primer for a Fall 2008 9th Grader

  • High School Demographics 2012
  • How to Start Preparing for the Ivy League
  • How to Start Preparing for University of California
  • How to Start Preparing for California State University
If I was about to start the 9th grade in a California high school this fall, and was contemplating my college possibilities, the first thing I would want to know is what will the demographics be when I graduate in 2012? (Congratulations to any 9th grader who does this under her own power.) In 2012 there will be about 3.1 million high school graduates nationally. That compares to over 3.3 million that graduated last June, as part of the class of 2008. Further, within California, the number of graduates in 2012 will be 375,000 (March 2008, Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education). This figure is slightly less than the number of high school graduates this year, which is just over 388,000 (By the way, this year the number of California high school graduates peaked.) Consequently, good news, gaining admission into college will be less competitive in 2012 than it is now. In any case, the question at hand is how best to prepare for college? Let's start by setting our sites on a highly selective private college; probably the best first step is to get a copy of the Common Application and examine the various questions and categories it contains: https://www.commonapp.org/CommonApp/DownloadForms.aspx. If there is a specific campus or two that is strongly attracting our attention, we should get their supplements (if they are using the common application-many do, such as Stanford, Yale, Harvard, Cornell, Amherst-but there are holdouts) and start going through the mental exercise of how would we like to see this application filled out at the end of our four years of high school. If we're thinking of applying to Yale or Stanford, it's probably a good idea to have all our standardized tests done before we start our senior year. If we're a serious candidate for one of these two schools, we should plan to apply Early Action Single Choice (with an application deadline of November 1st). If we're now thinking about preparing to attend a UC campus, the following link, http://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/admissions/general_info/uc_reviews/freshman_app.html , tells us the raw admissions requirements (a-g courses, electives, tests, etc.) to gain entry. Naturally, there is a wide berth between gaining admission into UC Merced and UC Berkeley. So, as 9th graders, it's important for us to take as challenging a curriculum as our school offers, do well, make sure our standardized test scores place us well above the 50 percentile at the target UC, and to have a solid extracurricular activity that we'll develop over our four years of school. This is the standard refrain, but a very honest one nonetheless.  If you wish to get an even better sense of the admissions statistics for the UC System, campus by campus, check out www.StatFinder.ucop.edu. There are several websites that are very useful for gaining a sense of how to apply to the Cal State schools: CSU Mentor, www.csumentor,edu, and College Navigator, http://nces.ed.gov/collegenavigator/. CSU Mentor is the site for all admissions information for the 23 campuses that compose the Cal State system. College Navigator is an invaluable tool for gaining the most current information on almost any college or university in the US. For now, we'll concentrate on CSU Mentor since, if you go to the following link: http://www.csumentor.edu/planning/high_school/subjects.asp, you'll find a high school course planner and suggested courses and activities by grade.  Getting accepted into the Cal States, by the way, is very formulaic. If you have the grades and scores you're in. If not, possibly a year or two at community college will allow you to re-apply. Is there any magical insight to give a 9th grader a decisive edge over similar candidates? Not really. Consider the process a marathon, not a set of brilliant tactics that cast a candidate head and shoulders above the crowd. The key is to learn, to become curious, to get passionate about some activity, to really get to know whichever colleges interest you, and then to figure out your best match. There are no real blue prints. The excitement is in creating your own. Ralph Becker Founder, Ivy College Prep, LLC --------------------------------------- 올해 9학년을 위한 대학준비 입문서 2012년의 고교 졸없생 통계학
  • Ivy League 준비하기
  • UC 준비하기
  • Cal State 준비하기
필자가 올해 9학년으로서 대학준비를 시작한다면, 먼저 2012년에의 인구통계학을 알아 볼 것이다.  9학년이 이것에 관심이 있다면 축하할 일이다.  2012년에는 전국 고교졸업생이 310만 명에 달한다.  2008년 졸업생은 330만 명에 달했다.  가주에서는 2012년 고교 졸업생은 375,00명이 된다 (March 2008, Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education).  이 숫자는 올 졸업생 388,000명보다 약간 적은 수이다(올 가주 졸업생이 최고치였다).  결과적으로 2012년에는 올해보다 경쟁률이 낮아질 것이다. 그러면, 대학을 준비하는 가장 좋은 방법은 무엇인가?  먼저, 명문대를 목표로 시작하자; 아마 첫 단계는 Common Application 한 부를 구해서 각 분야별 다양한 질문들을 점검하는 일이다: https://www.commonapp.org/CommonApp/DownloadForms.aspx.  만약 한 두 군데 특정 캠퍼스가 관심을 끈다면, 보충자료도 살펴본다 (Common Application을 사용하는 경우에- Stanford, Yale, Harvard, Cornell, Amherst대학도 해당됨).  4년 뒤에 이 원서에 어떻게 채울 것인지를 머릿속에 그려본다.  만약 Yale이나 Stanford 지원을 생각한다면, 12학년 전에 모든 시험을 마치도록 계획을 세운다.  이 두 대학을 정말 지망하려 한다면 Early Action Single Choice (11월 1일 마감일)를 미리 계획해야 한다. 만약 UC를 계획한다면, 웹싸이트 http://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/admissions/general_info/uc_reviews/freshman_app.html 에서 입학자격 (a-g 과목, 선택과목, 시험 등)을 알 수 있다.  한편, UC Berkeley와  UC Merced까지 폭넓은 선택이 있다.  그래서 9학년들은 어려운 과목에 도전하고, 표준 시험에서 상위 50%이상을 유지하고, 4년 동안 특별활동을 개발해야 할 것이다.  이것은 기본적인 규칙이지만 또한 정직한 과정이다.  UC의 각 캠퍼스를 자세히 알고자 하면, www.StatFinder.ucop.edu . 를 참고할 수 있다. Cal State 대학들에 대해 알고자 하면, CSU Mentor, www.csumentor,edu, and College Navigator, http://nces.ed.gov/collegenavigator/를 참고하면 된다.  CSU Mentor는 23개의 캠퍼스의 입학 정보를 담고 있다.  College Navigator는 미국의 각 대학의 최근 정보를 알 수 있는 곳이다.  CSU를 자세히 알고자 할 때, http://www.csumentor.edu/planning/high_school/subjects.asp 에서 고교 과목 선정과 학년별 특별활동  제안을 살펴볼 수 있다.  CSU의 입학은 필요한 과목과 성적이 있으면 가능하다.  아니면, 1-2년뒤  community college에 가서 다시 응시하면 된다. 비슷한 9학년 응시자들을 위한 묘수가 있는가?  없다.  마라톤을 생각하자.  어떤 기발한 기술이 필요치 않다.  열쇠는 배우고, 호기심을 가지며, 특정활동에 열정적이 되는 것이다.  그리고, 정말로 여러분이 어떤 대학에 관심이 있으며, 여러분과 가장 잘 맞는지를 알아내는 일이다.  특정 청사진이란 없으며, 스스로 만들어내는데 있다.