MCAT

Post Baccalaureate Medical Options

Should you, after graduating from college, hear the call of medicine, regardless of whether your transcript contains a generous dose of premed classes or not, all is not lost. You still might address your medical aspirations by joining a Post Baccalaureate Premedical Program (PB).

The list of programs, there are several hundred, can be found on the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) site, and span the universe of making a career change, enhancing your academic record (improving your GPA), or being part of a group underrepresented in medicine, or economically or educationally disadvantaged.

Some PB programs are highly structured, such as the Post Baccalaureate Premedical Program at UC San Diego, which targets those who might have already applied to medical school unsuccessfully and are attempting to enhance their academic records. Student applicants must have already completed premedical undergraduate coursework in Biology, Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Physics, as well as math and English and are looking to enhance their chances by using the program to take upper division science courses, seminars, workshops and MCAT preparation, along with medical school applications.

The program accepts a maximum of 30 students, and is a partnership between the UC San Diego Extension program and the UC San Diego School of Medicine. The application process consists of three letters of recommendation, a complete set of transcripts, and a ‘statement of interest.’ Then, candidates of interest are invited to interview, either in person or by Skype if outside Southern California.    

Once admitted into the program be ready for intensive preparation for the MCAT and such rigorous courses as Biomedical Science I, Mammalian Physiology I, Metabolic Biochemistry, and Pharmacology. While raising your GPA is an expected outcome, the desired goal is to show prospective medical schools that you are capable of performing at the highest level in upper division ‘Biological Science courses at a premier science university.’ According to Joel Tolson, the program representative, 70-90% of the class is accepted into medical school. The annual cost of the program is $30,000.

If, instead of enhancing your grades, you want to change your career, then you might want to consider applying to the PB program at Scripps College. This program is half the size of UCSD’s, enrolls only 17 students, and is geared to students who received a four-year-degree in something other than science, received a minimum of 3.0 GPA, and are highly motivated.   

If Scripps likes your application, essay and scores, it will then invite you to interview (like UCSD).  What’s particularly interesting is the range of candidates that attend this career changer program. Whereas UCSD seeks seasoned premeds, Scripps program for 2013-2014 contained a project manager from a cloud-based application, a musician from Cirque du Soleil, and a Peace Corps volunteer for Uganda.

The program is 13 months, and begins with the basic principles of chemistry (with lab), then unfolds into Introductory Biology, Organic Chemistry, General Physic, Vertebrate Physiology and Biochemistry. 4-6 hours per week are dedicated to volunteering in a medical setting, so that you, upon graduation from the program, are knowledgeable of the field of medicine and capable of managing a heavy workload.

Scripps PB students work alongside undergraduates from all the Claremont colleges, have access to faculty with extensive office hours, receive personalized advising for medical school applications and essays, receive mock interviews, enjoy customized MCAT test prep, will receive personalized letters of recommendation, will receive continued advising even after completion of the program, and can take advantage of extensive linkages to a range of medical schools including Drexel University School of Medicine and George Washington University School of Medicine. Most impressive is that 96% of Scripps College PB students have been accepted into medical school.

The key in the Post Baccalaureate world is to select a program that addresses your needs, career changer or grade enhancer, and is linked to medical schools. Once an appealing program is discovered, apply, work diligently, and you’ll find 13 months can make a big difference in your life.

 

The Medical School Picture: the AAMC Guide to Medical School Admission Requirements (MSAR)

If you’ve ever contemplated becoming a physician, two write ups warrant reading: “How Becoming a Doctor Works,” http://www.howstuffworks.com/becoming-a-doctor.htm and the “Process of Medical Education,” Chapter 2 of the AAMC’s Medical School Admission Requirements (MSAR). The MSAR is a thick reference book containing over 400 pages that detail the medical admissions process and profile the universe of 130 US and Canadian medical schools. The guide is available at the AAMC website (https://www.aamc.org), which includes access to its online version. 

Treading the Pre-Med Path

  •         There is no Pre-med major
  •         Preparing for pre-med rigors in high school
  •         Options for medical studies
  •         Mention of 7-Year programs

 As a pre-med student you’ll take a series of classes in organic and inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, biology, calculus, physics, and possibly genetics—the list, though pretty uniform, might vary slightly by school. That’s it. You aren’t obligated to major in biology or chemistry, in fact, Stanford’s Premedical Association states on its website: “It is ‘convenient’ to major in Biology (sic) because many of the premed requirements are also requirements for the Biology (sic) major, so it requires less time to complete both. However, medical schools also like to accept premed students, who have broad interests and have chosen a non-traditional major, so do not be deterred if you are passionate about Art History (sic). In conclusion, you can major in any subject you want!”  (http://www.stanford.edu/group/spa/choosemajor.html,  15 January 2011).

The best preparation for the demands of pre-med is to take, in high school, a generous dose of AP biology, chemistry, calculus (AB or BC), physics, history and English. You will, without a doubt, be competing against the best students you encountered in high school. In any case, in high school, do some job shadowing in a hospital. Probably the best place is in the emergency room, as you’ll see a lot of things come in the door, and you’ll learn if you can stomach doing tracheotomies or other such surgical procedures.  Additionally, such programs as the Orange County ROP emergency medical technician (EMT) is a good way to gain medical experience in high school  (though you do have to be 18 to enroll).Taking this yet one step farther, some high school students do basic research through fellowships during the summer. (If you’re angling for 7-year bachelor/MD programs, anything you do to evince a strong interest in medicine is advantageous.)

Should you, after having a taste of medicine, be unwaveringly set to become a doctor, it might behoove you to consider the BMD (6, 7 or 8 year combined baccalaureate medical programs) offered at such places as Boston University or USC’s Keck School of Medicine. As an aside, the only 6-year program is at the University of Missouri, Kansas City, School of Medicine; if you’re in a rush, this is the one to consider. You can find a previous article on these combined programs at the Ivy College Prep, LLC blog at /wordpress/?s=MD. Not surprisingly, the competition to get into such programs is, in a word, intense. For Brown’s Alpert Medical School program, Class of 2010, there were 1,972 applicants, 106 were offered admission, 57 matriculated. This makes for an admissions rate of 5.3%. Of those admitted, average SAT score was 2215, and all were in the top 10% of their high school class.

An invaluable source for reviewing the various medical schools and their admissions requirements is from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) Medical School Admission Requirements (MSAR). (SRP $25) If you’re serious about getting into medical school this is an invaluable source for devising your roadmap. If, for example, you want to attend UCI Medical School you’ll find detailed information on its pages about: Premedical Coursework, Selection Factors (e.g. % of those admitted with experience in research, medical work, and community service), average GPA and MCAT scores,  total number of applicants (4,695), number interviewed (499), and number matriculated (104).  The information in Chapter 9, on financing a medical education, alone, is worth the price of the book.

The best path to becoming an MD, DO, or DPM (with DO being a doctor of osteopathy, and the DPM, being a degree in podiatry, which are considered not as competitive as the MD route) is your own. Take all the science and math courses you can in high school, study a major you enjoy while taking the critical pre-med courses in college, perform well on your MCAT, and do as much undergraduate research as  you can stomach, and you should be ready for medical school. That’s a lot to digest. Now just say ahhh.

의사가 되는

* Pre-Med 전공은 없다

* 고교에서부터 준비할

* 의학공부 다양한 과정들

* 7 과정도 있다

Pre-med 학생이라면, 학교마다 약간의 차이는 있으나, 유기화학, 무기화학, 생화학, 생물학, 미적분, 유전학까지 섭렵할 것이다.  그러므로 반드시 생물학이나 화학전공일 필요는 없다.  사실, Stanford대학의 Premedical Association의 웹싸이트에는 다음과 같은 글이 있다:”생물학을 전공하면 편리하다.  생물학이나 의학이나 필수과목이 겹치므로 시간을 절약할 수 있다.  그러나 의학도를 받아들이는 의과대학들은 다양한 흥미와 전공을 원한다.  그러므로 만약 Art History에 관심이 있다면, 전공을 바꿀 필요가 없다.  다시 말해 무슨 전공이든 원하는 것을 하라!” (http://www.stanford.edu/group/spa/choosemajor.html,  15 January 2011).         

Pre-med의 과정을 위한 좋은 준비는 고교에서 AP biology, chemistry, calculus (AB or BC), 물리학, 역사, 영어 과목들을 잘 하는 일이다.  물론, 가장 뛰어난 학생이 되어야 한다.  또한 고교에서 job shadowing을 해야 한다.  가장 좋은 장소는 응급실이다.  그곳에서 일어나는 많은 일들을 볼 수 있다.  기관절개수술이나 다른 외과수술을 지켜볼 수 있다.  또한 Orange County ROP EMW(직업프로그램의 응급실 과목: emergency medical work)은 좋은 경험이 될 것이다 (18세 이상 등록).  여름 동안 리서치에 참여하는 것도 유익한 일이다(만약 7년 과정을 목표로 한다면, 정말 의학에 관심이 있다는 것을 보여야 한다).

이렇게 의학을 약간 맛본 후, 정말 의사가 되고 싶다면, Boston University나 USC’s Keck School of Medicine이 제공하는 BMD(학사과정과 통합된 6, 7, 8년 과정)을 고려할 것을 추천하다.  참고로 6년 과정은 University of Missouri, Kansas City의과대학에만 있다; 시간을 당기고 싶다면 이 과정을 고려해라.  통합프로그램에 대해 더 알고 싶다면, 필자의 이전 기사에서 찾을 수 있다(Ivy College Prep, LLC blog at /wordpress/?s=MD).  그러나, 말할 필요도 없이 이런 프로그램은 경쟁이 치열하다.  Brown’s Alpert Medical School에서는 2010년 1972명의 응시자 중에서 106명이 입학허가서를 받았고, 57명이 입학했다.  이 비율은 5.3%의 입학률이다.  이들은 평균 SAT 2215점, 고교 전체 석차 10%이내이다.

AAMC(Association of American Medical Colleges)를 통해 각 의과대학의 입학조건 (MSAR: Medical School Admission Requirements)을 살펴볼 수 있다 ($25).  의과대학을 목표로 한다면, 이것이 여러분의 로드맵이 될 것이다.  만약 UCI의과대학에 대해 알려고 하면, 수강 필수과목들, 선발요건(리서치, 의학관련 일, 지역봉사의 %), 평균 GPA, MCAT성적, 전체 응시자수 (4,695명), 인터뷰 수 (499명), 입학생수(104)를 알 수 있다.  Chapter 9 에서는 재정보조에 대해 알 수 있는 유익한 책이다.

MD, DO (Doctor of Osteopathy), DPM (Doctor of Podiatry-MD만큼 경쟁이 심하지 않다)가 되는 길은 여러분에게 달려있다.  고교때 모든 과학과목들과 수학과목들을 택해라.  그리고 대학에서 pre-med 과정을 하는 동안 여러분이 좋아하는 전공을 하여라.  그리고 MCAT 시험을 잘 보고, 소화할 수 있는 만큼 리서치에 참여하여라.  그러면, 의과대학에 갈 준비를 갖추는 길이다. 

 너무 많은 요구인가?  숨을 크게 쉬자.==>

 많은 일들임에 틀림없다.  이젠 환자에게 ‘입을 벌리세요’라고만 하면 된다.

Joining a Combined Baccalaureate Medical Program

Competition to become a doctor has always been fierce. In 2008, 42,231 medical school applicants submitted 558,000 applications for 18,000 spots in the 128 accredited US medical schools. If this were a game of musical chairs, 24,231 would be left standing. That’s a lot of disappointed people.  Should you be graduating from high school next year, and you have a passion to become a doctor, you might try to sidestep the graduate Medical School admission process altogether by applying to a combined Baccalaureate Medical program.