Carnegie Mellon

The Case of Case Western

Name a college with a cutting edge computer science department which was the first university with a fiber-optic network in 1989, has a 1GB network today, is home to 16 Nobel Prize laureates, has one of the top biomedical engineering programs in the country, and counts among its alumni Craig Newmark, the founder of Craig’s List, and former U.S. Representative Dennis Kucinich. Johns Hopkins? Carnegie Mellon? No, Case Western Reserve.

Case Western Reserve is the product of a merger between Case Institute of Technology with Western Reserve University in 1967, resulting in what is now the largest private college in Ohio—with 4228 undergraduates—and the highest nationally ranked university in Ohio, at #38 according to US News and World Report. Case is composed of four undergraduate schools: the College of Arts and Sciences, the Case School of Engineering, the Bolton School of Nursing, and the Weatherhead School of Management, which is contained a Frank Gehry designed Lewis Building featuring undulating walls

The 155-acre campus is located 5 miles east of downtown Cleveland, adjacent to the Wade Park historic district in a neighborhood appropriately named University Circle. The circle contains 550 acres of cultural institutions including Severance Hall, home of the Cleveland Orchestra, Botanical Garden, Museum of Art, and an assortment of major hospitals. Most of these cultural landmarks have joint programs with Case.  Moreover, if this isn’t enough to satisfy one’s cultural needs, Case is only 4 miles from the I.M. Pei designed Rock & Roll Hall of Fame (bring your ID and you get a free admissions ticket).  

While Case is primarily known for its science and engineering majors, in particular the Biomedical engineering is stellar and the polymer science major is one of the few such programs in the country, its ‘western reserve’ portion fosters the arts and sciences.  Indeed, there is excellent teaching and solid research in American Studies, Art History, and Psychology. Case also introduced SAGES (Seminar Approach to General Education and Scholarship), to replace the core curriculum with 5-6 small interdisciplinary seminars taken throughout the four years emphasizing reading, discussion, and intensive writing.

The atmosphere of the school is academically challenging, but extremely collaborative in spirit. Study groups are encouraged, and it’s relatively easy to find others working on problem sets to join in with.

Case also offers specialty majors and programs. In particular is its Pre-Professional Scholars Program (PPSP). Through PPSP freshmen are offered conditional places in Case’s highly regarded dental, law, social work, and, highly coveted, medicine schools.  

Like Northwestern and Boston University, Case is a proponent of learning through experience (clinical, hands-on, or experiential learning).  75% of the undergraduates participate in research, numerous theatrical productions, clinical nursing, and coop programs with local engineering firms during their undergraduate career. Community service learning tie-ins also abound with tutoring services in Cleveland high schools through such programs as Project Step Up.

What most of the 4,300 undergraduates at Case value are the low 9:1 students to faculty ratio, that 95% of classes are taught by faculty, and that many of the professors are widely accessible. Some departments such as Political Science and Physics have small class sizes allowing for almost individual attention.

While the tuition ticket price is an eye-popping $41,800, over 80% of the students have some form of financial aid with an average financial aid package, according to College Navigator, of $30,700.

If you’re considering Carnegie Mellon, Johns Hopkins, Washington University (St. Louis) or Northwestern, do not overlook the Tartans of Case Western Reserve, a demanding campus with all that Cleveland has to offer.    

The International Campus Rush

  • The global academic marketplace
  • NYU and its nine international campuses: ‘of  the world’
  • Yale and National University of  Singapore: the odd couple

The September 23rd, 2011 Economist  contains an ad from the Qatar Foundation citing the efforts of Tammi Moe of Virginia Commonwealth University, who is traveling the globe, assembling an archive history of Qatar’s cultural history.  Yes, Qatar is home to Virginia Commonwealth University’s international satellite campus, which specializes in teaching fine arts. You might not even know where Virginia Commonwealth is located in the United States (it’s in Richmond, Virginia) but in Qatar it’s in Education City in Doha, Qatar’s capital. Quaint, isn’t it?

No Qatar, and VCU has plenty of company: the Weill Medical College of Cornell University, the international affairs school of Georgetown University, computer science and business schools from Carnegie Mellon (which is also about to open an engineering school in Rwanda this coming year), engineering from Texas A&M, and a journalism school from Northwestern. 

In the not too distant past, international exchange programs and junior year abroad were the extent of US university international exposure. Now, with the demand for high-level US universities seemingly insatiable, having a satellite campus is becoming the standard path for many US universities to approach international expansion. The lingua franca of post-secondary education is English, and US, British, and Australian universities are scampering to service the voracious worldwide appetite.

NYU under the direction of John Sexton, the president, has morphed itself into a university of the world. NYU, on its supplement, calls itself a global network, and it does have a set of constituent campuses in Buenos Aires, Florence, Accra, Ghana, London, Madrid, Paris, Prague, Singapore, and Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. You might well gain admissions to NYU, but be asked to spend your freshman year, not in Washington Square in Manhattan, but in London or one of NYU’s other locations. A large portion of international Korean applicants who were admitted last year, spent their entire freshman year in London. Most of their courses were English classes with a rigorous blend of writing, reading, and discussion groups.     

Among all these campuses NYU sends a portion of the faculty from Washington Square, though a larger share of the top faculty is now working in the Abu Dhabi campus which began classes in fall of 2010. The Abu Dhabi satellite campus received $50 million in funding from Prince Zayed of Abu Dhabi. Moreover, while the NYU main campus is fairly selective with its admissions, admitting about a third of applicants, the NYU-Abu Dhabi campus students were hand selected by the NYU admissions office from a pool of 9,048 applications: only 150 were admitted, for an admissions rate of 1.7%.  The class average SAT scores for critical reading was 715, and math 730. More interesting, NYU-Abu Dhabi students are eligible for ‘loan-free full scholarships’ of $62,000, which includes the cost of two round trip tickets home and a $2,000 stipend’ (‘NYU’s Perilous Adventure in Abu Dhabi, at http://www.mindingthecampus.com/originals/2010/07/nyus_perilous_adventure_in_abu.html ) Obviously a lot is riding on this venture for NYU  (and Abu Dhabi).

Yale University, for years, has done joint research projects with Chinese research universities; two key projects include Yale’s Joint Center for Biomedical Research at Fudan University in Shanghai, and a joint venture in Agro-biotechnology at Peking University. Richard Levine, the president of Yale, and a noted economist with an expertise in ‘campus internationalization’ (The Great Brain Race, by Ben Wildavsky, Princeton University Press, 2010, p. 32) is now taking the next logical step, by opening up a satellite campus with National University of Singapore. While this plan received little concern from Yale Alumni, many Yale faculty members have voiced issues about the ‘repressive regime’ of Singapore and its inability to ensure academic freedom and non-discrimination—especially for homosexual faculty members.

One student who is applying to Yale National University College of Singapore makes his case at http://kentridgecommon.com/?p=13275. In essence, he sees great potential in a cross cultural, liberal arts, integrated curriculum. Further, he knows the race to educate the minds of the world is an international one. The spread of international satellite campuses is offering variety and perspectives never dreamt of before. This is just the beginning.

 국제적 캠퍼스의 바람이 분다.

  • 학문의 국제 시장화
  • NYU: 전 세계 9개의 캠퍼스
  • Yale과 National University of Singapore의 연계

Economist 9월23일자에는 카타르단체에서 Virginia Commonwealth Univeristy의 Tammi Moe교수가 전 세계를 여행하며 카타르의 역사를 모으는 노력을 하는 광고를 담고 있다.  카타르는 Virginia Commonwealth University의 국제 위성캠퍼스가 있는 곳이다.  이곳에서는 미술교육이 전문이다.  아마도 이 대학이 Richmond, Virginia에 있는 지를 모르는 분도 있을 것이다.  한편, 카타르에는 수도 도하(Doha)의 교육도시 안에 이 대학이 또한 있다.

카타르뿐만 아니라 VCU대학은 많은 대학과 연계하고 있다: Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Georgetown University의 국제학교, Carnegie Mellon대학의 컴퓨터와 비즈니스대학 (이 대학은 Rwanda에 공과대학을 열 예정임), Texas A&M의 공과대학, Northwestern의 신문학과 등.

얼마 전까지는 국제 교환프로그램과 3학년의 외국연수가 주종을 이루었다.  지금은 이 정도로는 만족하지 않고, 위성 캠퍼스를 갖는 것이 외국과의 연계의 표준이 되고 있다.  고등교육의 공용어가 영어가 되면서, 미국, 영국, 호주 대학들은 무섭게 국제 입맛에 맞추려 애를 쓰고 있다.

NYU는 총장 John Sexton의 지휘아래 전 세계에 캠퍼스를 확장하고 있다.  Global network을 강조하면서, Buenos Aires, Florence, Accra, Ghana, London, Madrid, Paris, Prague, Singapore, United Arab Emirates의 Abu Dhabi로 뻗어 나가고 있다.  여러분이 NYU에 입학을 한다면, Manhattan의  Washington Square의 캠퍼스가 아니라, 런던이나 다른 외국에서 공부할 수도 있다.  많은 한국학생들이 이 대학에 입학했으나, 모두 1학년을 런던에서 공부했다.  대부분 과목들은 영어과목으로 writing, reading, discussion 이었다.

이런 캠퍼스에 Washington Square에 있는 교수진을 파견한다.  최고의 교수진들이 현재 2010년 가을에 시작한 Abu Dhabi 캠퍼스에서 가르치고 있다.  Abu Dhabi 캠퍼스는 정부의 Prince Zayed에게서 $50 million의 후원금을 받았다.  본교 NYU대학은 응시생의 1/3을 선발하며 우수한 학생들이 입학한다.  한편, NYU-Abu Dhabi 캠퍼스는 NYU입학심사관이 선발하며 9,048명 중에서 150명을 선발하였으며, 이는 1.7%에 해당한다.  시험성적은 critical reading, 715; math, 730이 평균이다.  입학생들은 고향방문 비행기표를 포함하는 $62,000에 해당하는 장학금을 받는다.  이 대학에 관해 연구할 가치가 있다 (‘NYU’s Perilous Adventure in AbuDhabi,http://www.mindingthecampus.com/originals/2010/07/nyus_perilous_adventure_in_abu.html).

예일대학은 수년간 Chinese research universities와 연계하여 연구하고 있다.  두 개의 중요 프로젝트는 Fudan University in Shanghai와 Joint Center for Biomedical Research와 Peking University와의 Agro-biotechnology실험연구이다.  예일대의 총장, Richard Levine은 캠퍼스의 국제화를 위해 National University of Singapore와 연계하여 위성 캠퍼스를 열고자 한다 (The Great Brain Race, by Ben Wildavsky, Princeton University Press, 2010, p. 32).  한편, 예일 동창회와 교수진은 싱카폴의 억압적인 정부를 걱정하며, 학문의 자유와 비차별 (특히 동성애 교수에 대한)을 염려하고 있다.

 Yale National University College of Singapore에 응시하는 한 학생은 본인의 경우를 설명하고 있다(http://kentridgecommon.com/?p=13275).  핵심은 다문화적 인문과학과 통합적인 커리쿨럼 안에서 무한한 가능성을 내다보고 있다.  더욱이, 시대는 국제화 그 자체이다.  국제 위성캠퍼스의 확산은 다양성을 제공하며, 과거에는 생각도 못했던 관점이다.  이제 출발인 셈이다.

Trends among Top Colleges

  •          Expanding Early Admissions
  •          Going ACT/SAT Optional: Fair Test
  •          Opening up International Campuses
  •          The Distance Learning Option is mostly Free

 

When is enough ever enough? You might want to ask William Fitzsimmons, dean of admissions at Harvard, that very question. This year Harvard received over 35,000 applications for 1,700 offers. That is slightly over a 4.8% acceptance rate. By some estimates, 1 out of every 50 college-ready high school seniors sent an application to Harvard. Frankly, with Harvard’s aggressive financial aid package for any family making HHI under $180,000, and with its single essay supplement to the Common Application, the applicant pool might exceed 40,000 next year.

Despite these numbers, Harvard has decided to resurrect its early decision program. Too many outstanding candidates are going to Stanford and Yale, and that is unacceptable. Even though Harvard, along with Princeton and University of Virginia, abandoned early decision in 2006, it is back for fall 2011. Brown University, its applicant pool for 2015 up a paltry 3%, is also taking action. Last summer it removed restrictions on its Early Decision policy. The policy now allows candidates to apply to other early action programs.  

Another trend that many selective colleges are joining is the move to make SAT and ACT tests optional. This is not, as yet something Harvard has done, but the list of schools making the submission of SAT or ACT scores optional is over 830.  De Paul, a Roman Catholic university in Chicago with over 16,000 undergraduate students, one of the largest private universities in the country, just joined the list. The list, part of the Fair Test movement, already includes Smith College, Mount Holyoke (MA), Wake Forest, Hamilton, Bowdoin, Middlebury (VT), and NYU.   NYU’s policy is probably better described as test-flexible. You can submit any combination of test scores: 3 AP scores, 3 SAT II Scores, or just the SAT/ACT. Middlebury is similar in requiring SAT, ACT, or 3 SAT Subject Tests be submitted: the choice is yours. What is happening, is leading universities are recognizing the limitations of standardized tests in predicting performance and they’re actively seeking talented students who are not top standardized test takers. Expect this to be happening at more and more universities and colleges over time.

Opening campuses abroad is now in full swing for many selective schools. One of NYU’s personal statements now asks: “ NYU is 'In and of the City' and 'In and of the World.' What does the concept of a global network university mean to you? How do you think studying in New York City, Abu Dhabi, or one of NYU's global sites would change you as a person and equip you to build cross-cultural relationships at NYU and beyond?’ Yale is opening a campus, in conjunction with the National University of Singapore, in Singapore in 2013; it will be named Yale-NUS College. In Qatar, in the Persian Gulf, you can now study medicine at Weill Medical College of Cornell University, international affairs at Georgetown, business at Carnegie Mellon, and, coming soon, journalism at Medill School of Journalism of Northwestern University. All have campuses outside of Doha, the capital.

Free access to courses at some of the most selective schools is expanding aggressively. Yale on line http://oyc.yale.edu/, offers free downloadable courses (along with transcripts of the classes) across a dozen disciplines. At iTunes U, you can find offerings from Cambridge, Cornell, Duke, Emory, Oxford, Stanford, UC Berkeley, University of Tokyo, and Notre Dame.

What do these trends suggest?  Within the confines of the traditional admissions process, the demand for the Ivy, Stanford, or Duke degree appears insatiable and ever more expensive. Further, the use of early action or decision is expanding as admissions offices seek to actively control the composition of their classes as early in the process as possible. Separately, using standardized tests as an accurate measure of future performance is being called increasingly into doubt. Furthermore, U.S. universities and colleges are increasingly going global. This will absorb some of the demand. Distance learning, being able to actually take a Yale or Oxford course online is widespread; whether that satisfies the demand for the name on a sheepskin is another matter entirely. 

명문대학의 경향

  •          얼리 입학의 확장
  •          ACT/SAT 시험의 선택사항: 시험에 대한 정당한 물결
  •          해외 캠퍼스 열기
  •          대부분 무료로 원거리 교육실시

 언제 대학을 지원하는 것이 좋은가?  Harvard 대학의 입학처장인 William Fitzsimmons에게 물어보자.  하바드는 1,700명 모집에 35,000 이상의 원서가 접수되었다.  합격률은 4.8%정도이다.  대략 50명의 고교졸업생 중 1명이 응시한 것이다.  솔직히, HHI $180,000 아래의 가정에 제공되는 학비보조 프로그램과 Common Application과 함께 에세이 하나를 제출하면 되니까, 내년에는 40,000이상의 응시자가 몰릴 것이다.

이 숫자에도 불구하고, 하바드는 얼리 디시젼을 부활시키기로 결정했다.  우수한 많은 학생들이 Stanford, Yale 에 가는 것을 참을 수 없기 때문이다.  2006년, Harvard는 Princeton, University of Virginia와 같이 얼리 디시젼을 포기했었지만, 2011년 가을에는 다시 살리는 것이다.  Brown University는 응시자가 3%정도는 늘고 있지만, 얼리 액션을 취하고 있다.  지난 여름 얼리 디시젼의 제한을 제거하고, 학생들이 다른 얼리 액션 프로그램에 응시할 수 있도록 했다.

명문대학의 또 다른 경향은 SAT/ACT 시험을 선택사항으로 한다는 점이다.  물론, 하바드는 아니지만, 이미 선택사항으로 하는 대학들이 830여개나 된다.  Chicago에 있는 재학생이 16,000명 넘는 전국적으로 가장 큰 사립대에 속하는 Roman Catholic 대학인 De Paul대학도 이 리스트에 합류했다.  시험에 대한 정당한 물결은 이미 Smith College, Mount Holyoke (MA), Wake Forest, Hamilton, Bowdoin, Middlebury (VT), NYU에서 일어나고 있다.  NYU는 유연적인 시험경향이라고 할 수 있다.  즉, 여러 시험을 제출할 수 있다: 3 AP 점수, 3 SAT II 점수, SAT/ACT점수.  Middlebury도 비슷하게 SAT, ACT, 3 SAT subject tests에서 선택할 수 있다.  가능한 설명은 명문대학들이 시험의 문제성을 인식하고 있으며, 시험성적이 뛰어나지 않지만, 우수한 학생들을 찾고 있다는 점이다.  이제 더 많은 대학들에서 이러한 경향이 나타날 것이다.

또한 해외 캠퍼스를 여는 것이 많은 명문대학들의 진행방향이다.  NYU의 에세이 질문을 보면: “NYU는 도시 안팎에 속한 대학이며, 세계 안팍에 속한 대학이다.  세계 네트웍 대학이 의미하는 바는 무엇인가?  NYC, Abu Dhabi, 혹은 세계 다른 장소에서 공부하는 것이 여러분을 다양한 문화체험에 어떤 영향을 미치는가?”  Yale은 싱가폴의 국립대학과 연대하여 Yale-NUS College 캠퍼스를 열고 있다.  Persian Gulf의 Qatar에서는 Weill Medical college of Cornell University, international affairs at Georgetown, business at Carnegie Mellon를 공부할 수 있으며, 곧, journalism at Medill School of Journalism of Northwestern University를 공부할 수 있게 된다.  이 모든 캠퍼스가 수도인 Doha 교외에 있다.

다음, 대부분 명문대학의 무료 강좌가 늘고 있다.  Yale online: http://oyc.yale.edu는 여러 과정을 무료 다운로드 강좌를 (성적표도 함께) 제공한다.  iTunes U에서는 Cambridge, Cornell, Duke, Emory, Oxford, Stanford, UC Berkeley, University of Tokyo, Notre Dame의 강좌들을 발견할 수 있다.

이러한 경향을 무엇을 뜻하는가?  전통적인 입학절차에 따른 아이비 대학들, Stanford, Duke의 학위들은 이제 만족을 주지 못하며, 또한 너무 비싸다.  그래서, 얼리 액션과 디시젼을 늘리면서 가능한한 빨리 다양한 학생들을 뽑으려 한다.  또한 표준시험들의 정확도에 있어서 의문을 제시한다는 점이다.  이제 미국대학들은 세계로 뻗어 나가고 있다.  그래서 수요를 충족시키려 한다.  원거리 교육이 Yale 대학이나 Oxford 대학의 수업을 가능하게 한다; 그래서 졸업증서에 나오는 대학이름에 대한 수요를 충족시킬 수 있을 것이다.